All COVID-19 Training Requirements

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Several states currently require employers to provide COVID-19 workplace safety training to employees. Below, we outline the state regulations and guidelines mandating COVID-19 employee training, as well as OSHA’s training recommendation in its revised COVID-19 workplace guidance.

OSHA Advises Employers to Train Employees to Prevent COVID-19 Exposure and Infection

On June 10, 2021, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) issued revised COVID-19 workplace guidance to protect workers and mitigate and prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the workplace.
OSHA’s revised COVID-19 workplace guidance advises employers to “train workers” on various safe work practices, including new scientific evidence on how the virus spreads, vaccinations, increased ventilation, masks, and social distancing. 
The Occupational Safety and Health Act’s “General Duty Clause” requires employers to provide workers with a “workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.” OSHA states that its revised COVID-19 workplace guidance is intended to assist employers in complying with the “General Duty Clause” while the COVID-19 virus continues to circulate in the United States.
The Biden Administration has ramped up OSHA enforcement using the Act’s “General Duty Clause” to enforce COVID-19 worker protections. OSHA has issued more than 3x as many “General Duty Clause” violations as the previous administration.
Training employees on COVID-19 safe work practices not only demonstrates an employer’s commitment to employee safety, it also minimizes the risk of government enforcement actions, workers’ compensation claims, and employment litigation.

Several States Require
COVID-19 Safety Training

CaliforniaOregon, Virginia, and Washington require employers to provide employees with COVID-19 workplace safety training. The employee training must include all mandatory training elements to be considered compliant.

Many employers learn the hard way that non-compliant COVID-19 workplace safety training can result in legal consequences, such as safety citations, penalties, and employee-initiated legal actions.


COVID-19 Training Requirements in California

California employers are required to provide COVID-19 safe workplace training. Cal/OSHA’s COVID-19 Prevention Emergency Temporary Standards (Cal/OSHA Standards) require employers to “provide effective training and instruction to employees” on a number of specifically identified topics.

California also requires all workers receive training on the “proper use of face coverings," regardless of vaccination status.  See Cal/OSHA Standards §3205(c)(5)(D), (G).


COVID-19 Training Requirements in Oregon

Oregon OSHA’s Rule Addressing COVID-19 Workplace Risks requires nearly all employers to provide COVID-19 workplace safety training on specified safety measures. The training may be provided remotely or using computer-based models but must be provided in a manner and language understood by employees. Employers must also ensure “the training provides an opportunity for feedback from employees about the topics covered in the training.”


COVID-19 Training Requirements in Virginia

On September 8, 2021, Virginia adopted Revised Amendments to the VOSH Standard for Infectious Disease Prevention. COVID-19 employee training is now required for healthcare and higher risk workplaces with mixed vaccination status employees (e.g., high-volume retail and grocery, manufacturing, and transit).

Retraining is required when (1) the employer has reason to believe that any affected employee who has already been trained does not have the necessary understanding and skill required, such as changes in the workplace or job tasks performed, (2) there are changes to the employer’s Infectious Disease and Preparedness Plan, or (3) inadequacies in an affected employee’s knowledge or use of workplace control measures indicate the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill.


COVID-19 Training Requirements in Washington

The Washington Department of Labor and Industries Requirements and Guidance for Preventing COVID-19 requires employers to "train employees to recognize and respond to workplace hazards, including COVID-19."

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